What Are Blackheads and How to Remove Them Safely

Everyone knows that there is nothing more aesthetically displeasing than a bundle of blackheads on an otherwise beautiful complexion. Unfortunately, a lot of people struggle with this skin condition. But there are ways to take care of it effectively, either at home or with the help of a trained professional. Here’s what you need to know about blackheads and how to remove them safely.

What Are Blackheads?

If you ask a random person on the street what blackheads are, they will most likely tell you that they are caused by particles of dirt clogging up pores. But in reality, that’s hardly the case. In fact, thinking that this is the answer is a common misconception. The truth is that it has nothing to do with the cleanliness of the skin.

When the pores on our face and neck open up, they collect dead skin cells and excess sebum. This is a rather normal process that most skin types go through, and acne-prone complexion is especially sensitive to it. This is how blackheads form. Their color develops as a reaction to oxygen getting to the surface of the open pore and oxidizing what has gathered in there.

Therefore, it doesn’t have anything to do with dirt. They are most prominent during puberty when hormone levels are high, but some people experience them all through their lives. Although it’s tempting to squeeze them out on the go, you need to be careful not to damage your skin this way. Fortunately, there are plenty of better and safer ways to remove them.

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How Can I Remove Them?

Needless to say, the safest way to remove blackheads is by requesting the help of certified professional. This person can be either a dermatologist or a specialized cosmetician. Using a tool called a round loop extractor, they will be able to remove the plug causing the blackhead, and then squeeze the whole thing out.

Microdermabrasion is another procedure they can perform on your complexion. It consists of gently sanding off the top layers of the skin, which removes blackheads in the process as well. However, such treatments can be rather costly. If you want to cut some corners while still taking care of your skin, here are three simple tips to follow at home.

1.      Use Peel-Off Masks

Using peel-off masks is one of the best ways to remove blackheads safely at home. This type of skincare product sticks to the surface of the complexion and grabs onto any impurities that are located there, which includes plugs. After the mask is completely dry, you simply peel it off as the name suggests and all imperfections come off along with it.

There are plenty of amazing options available on the market, such as the LDreamAM Deep Cleansing Mask, the Nylea Blackhead Remover Mask, the Dermatique Natural Biomineral Black Mask or the Toullgo Suction Black Mask. The latter holds the number one position in Beauty Essential’s yearly top 10 best peel-off masks, so you might want to give it a go.

2.      Exfoliate Regularly

Another thing you can do at home to diminish the appearance of blackheads and prevent new ones from popping up is exfoliating regularly. Two times per week is more than enough to remove excess oils and dead skin cells from the surface of your skin. Make sure not to do it more often than that, because you might irritate and even damage your epidermis.

There are plenty of brand-name exfoliants on the market to suit all skin types, but you can also make your own at home using something abrasive, such as sugar or baking soda, and a binding ingredient, such as honey, egg yolk or even mashed up fruit. The best ones to use are mangoes and bananas, and you can even eat what’s left over when you’re done.

3.      Avoid Oily Products

What you use in your skincare routine determines how your complexion will look. And because excess oils are one of the main causes behind blackheads, using products which contain them in combination with sensitive skin can be a total disaster. Therefore, choose your moisturizer, sunscreen, and other creams wisely.

Gel or water-based formulas work best. They are still hydrating and nourishing, but they don’t feel heavy on the face or body and they don’t clog your pores either. By incorporating them into your regimen, you will glow as if you’re lit from within and keep your epidermis light, breezy and oil-free at the same time.

Final Thoughts

Although there is a common misconception that blackheads are caused by dirty skin, that is hardly true. Their appearance is determined by the dead skin cells and sebum trapped inside pores oxidizing once it comes in contact with oxygen. Furthermore, while a lot of people are tempted to squeeze them out at home, that’s not a good idea.

The best idea, in this case, is to have a trained professional do it or use skincare products in such a way as to diminish their appearance and prevent new ones from forming. Peel-off masks and exfoliants work best for this, as thus removing oil-based creams and lotions from your regimen. By following these simple steps, your skin will look better than ever.

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